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Brezhnev's Decision on Poland

Source

In the midst of the ongoing economic and political crisis in Poland in the early 1980s, Soviet leaders frequently communicated with top Polish officials. At a meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CC CPSU) on April 16, 1981, Leonid Brezhnev, then first party secretary, recounted his recent telephone conversation with Stanislaw Kania, first party secretary... Read More »

Brezhnev's Report on Poland

Source

Just a few days after Soviet leaders met with two Polish officials, Stanislaw Kania (first party secretary) and Josef Pinkowski (prime minister), to discuss the critical situation in Poland, Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev wrote an urgent letter to Erich Honecker, first party secretary in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). This letter shows the grave concern on the part of the Soviet... Read More »

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British Empire: Autobiography, Head Above Water

Source

Buchi Emecheta was born in Nigeria in 1944 to Igbo parents. She was orphaned at a young age, and subsequently educated at a missionary school in Nigeria. She was married at the age of 16 to Sylvester Onwordi, a student she had been engaged to since childhood. In 1960, she moved to Britain with her husband and children, where she worked as a librarian. Despite the difficulties she encountered... Read More »

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British Empire: Fiction, Nervous Conditions

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In 1959, Tsitsi Dangarembga was born in Africa in the British colony known as Rhodesia, now called Zimbabwe. From the age of two, she spent four years living in Britain. On her return to Rhodesia, she attended a missionary school in Mutare. In 1977, she went back to Britain to attend Cambridge University, but became disillusioned with life and politics in Britain, returning home without... Read More »

Bronx Schoolyard

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From left to right, this photograph shows four graffiti artists at work on a collaborative "production" in a Bronx schoolyard: DEATH, NIC 1, MEX, and NOX. A "production" is a planned, multi-artist work typically unified by a visual theme in the background that is usually painted last, after each artist has finished with their name. The artist who organized this production whitewashed the wall... Read More »

Brooklyn's Panorama Competition

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The Panorama is one of the biggest events for steel bands in Brooklyn. Originating in Trinidad, it is tied to the Carnival season and is best understood as a music competition embedded in a series of festive activities and performances. Carnival in Brooklyn is celebrated on Labor Day; allowing many Trinidadian New Yorkers who return to the island for Carnival to celebrate the event twice a... Read More »

Church of Saint Nicholas Mokryi, southeast view, Yaroslavl, Russia

Brumfield Collection

Review
These photographs give something concrete to visualize and contextualize the past as they build their understanding of history.

Bulgaria's First Non-Communist Political Party

Source

Ecoglasnost began as a social activism group focused on environmental concerns and a general human rights campaign. In March 1989, it became a "political club," officially seeking recognition as a political party in Bulgaria in June 1989. While it was dismissed in its first foray for legitimacy, on 11 December 1989 Ecoglasnost became the first legal political party in Communist Bulgaria other... Read More »

Image of text from the website reading The Cambodian Genocide Program

Cambodian Genocide Program

Review
These materials are more appropriate for teaching older students because they provide a grim and poignant reminder of the individual tragedies that underlie the staggering statistics associated with these crimes.

Canadiana

Review
With a catalogue containing sixty million pages of material spanning the seventeenth to twentieth centuries, scholars and educators will have no shortage of material to consult on every aspect of Canada’s past.

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