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A GIRONDIN VIEW: ROLAND CALLS ON THE KING TO DECLARE WAR

Source

In the spring of 1792, the Legislative Assembly—particularly its Executive Committee, dominated by Girondins—took a more aggressive attitude toward Austria, repeatedly arguing that France needed to act first to ward off invasion and thereby not only preserve but advance the Revolution by spreading it across Europe. In June 1792, Jean–Marie Roland de la Platière, a Girondin minister in the King... Read More »

A Grateful France Proclaims Napoleon the First Emperor of the Frence

Source

In this engraving, Roman and contemporary themes are combined to glorify the new emperor. The absence of any clear representation of revolutionary liberty shows Napoleon moving away from the events of the preceding decade.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module... Read More »

A Hard Line With Poland

Source

Polish and Soviet leaders met on numerous occasions to discuss the ongoing critical situation in Poland. On August 14, 1981, for example, Leonid Brezhnev (first party secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union [CPSU]) met secretly with Stanislaw Kania and Wojciech Jaruzelski (leaders of the Communist Party in Poland [PZPR]) in the Crimea following Poland's Ninth Extraordinary... Read More »

Close-up of the bull seal from the Indus Valley Civilization

A History of the World in 100 Objects

Review
Overall A History of the World in 100 Objects is a great resource to teach world history through visual culture in an accessible and succinct format for both school and college-level classes.

A Left–Wing Newspaper Continues the Attack on Slavery (October 1790)

Source

In this article, the influential newspaper The Revolutions of Paris asks if Africans and their descendants are "Born to Slavery?" as part of a general consideration of the situation in the French colonies.

A Left–Wing Newspaper Links the Revolution to the Abolition of Slavery (September 1790)

Source

During the explosion of newspaper publishing after 1789, the Revolutions of Paris consistently supported radical positions, including the abolition of slavery in articles like this one entitled "No Color Bar."

A Mother's Experience in Bulgaria

Source

The ethnic Turks living in Bulgaria had faced discrimination throughout Bulgaria's history. In May 1989, throughout the Turkish areas of Bulgaria, there were a series of peaceful demonstrations staged by the Turkish minority; in some cases, entire villages joined the protests. They protested for the rights to have their Turkish names restored, or to be able to receive an education free from... Read More »

A New Evolutionism

Source

Adam Michnik is among the most influential figures in Poland. Part of the Communist Party in Poland in the 1960s, he was persecuted for his Jewish origins in 1968, and subsequently became part of the dissident movement for political change. In 1976, he was among the founding members of the Committee for the Defense of Workers (Komitet Obrony Robotników), which focused on providing assistance... Read More »

A Poem by Victor Hugo (1830)

A Poem by Victor Hugo (1830)

Source

In his poem “To the Column,” the great French poet Victor Hugo celebrates the memory of Napoleon.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

A Popular English Broadside (1821)

A Popular English Broadside (1821)

Source

Some in the popular classes saw in Napoleon an opponent of monarchs.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

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